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Exchange rates last updated Thursday, 11 April 2019 11:13:44 AM EDT. The online exchange rates provided by this Currency Converter are intended as a guide only and should not be used for transactional purposes. All rates are subject to change from time to time without notice. Exchange rates used in-store may differ from those offered online. The Travelex online sell rate will be used for conversions from US Dollars to a foreign currency.
The latest on USD to VND exchange rates
The lowdown on the Vietnamese dong
Standing proud as the currency of Vietnam since its unification on May 3 1978, the Vietnamese dong may just make you feel like a millionaire – $100 will get you about 2 million dong!
The word dong itself comes from the term đồng tiền which simply means ‘money’. It’s related back to the Chinese term tóng qián, which refers to the Chinese bronze coins that were used as currency during the ancient dynastic periods of China and Vietnam.
In 1946, the Viet Minh government – who later became the government of North Vietnam – introduced the dong to replace the French Indochinese piastre at the same value. In 1951, the rate was revalued at 100 to 1 and by 1958, it had been raised again to 1000 to 1. In South Vietnam, both piastres and dong banknotes were issued in 1953. When the city of Saigon fell on September 22 1975, South Vietnam’s currency became the Liberation dong, worth 500 of the old South Vietnam dong.
Vietnam was reunified on May 3 1978 and the dong followed suit by merging into one currency. One new dong was equal to one Northern dong and 0.8 Southern Liberation dong – until it was revalued again on September 14 1985 due to inflation, with the new dong worth 10 of the old.
If you fancy using US dollars whilst you’re in Vietnam, they’re widely accepted and used in Vietnamese cities, although you’re likely to get a much better rate by converting your dollars to dong instead.
A look back at US dollar to Vietnamese dong rates
In 1986, a major economic reform was undertaken in Vietnam. The country’s new leaders were unhappy with the lack of economic improvements in the country after the end of the Vietnam War and they put reforms in place to change Vietnam from a ‘planned economy’ to a ‘socialist-oriented market economy’.
By October 2000, Vietnamese dong were exchanging at a rate of ₫14,154.57 to 1 US dollar. These rates continued to rise steadily, reaching ₫15,880 to $1 by July 2005 before inclining sharply to ₫20,885 in February 2011.
Devaluing the dong
In June of 2014, the dong had reach around ₫21,000 and was devalued by 1% in the hopes that it would help economic growth, as well as the growth and competitiveness of exports. This was followed again in January 2015 with a devaluation of 1% and again in May of 2015 with a devaluation of 2%.
The relationship between the Vietnamese dong and the US dollar remains an important one. Although the dong is not freely convertible, it remains loosely pegged to the dollar in an arrangement known as a ‘crawling peg’.